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What are the parts of a dental implant?

Your dentist may have recommended a dental implant to replace missing teeth, but have you ever wondered how the various components and processes work together to make you feel at ease with the implant? Our Edmonton dentists talk about the main components of a dental implant today.

What is a dental implant?

Dental implants can be surgically placed into the jawbone as part of the process to replace a missing tooth and protect your oral health. When combined with a crown or other tooth replacement, implants have a natural look and feel.

They can aid in the treatment of a variety of oral health issues, as well as the prevention of surrounding teeth from moving, the resolution of bite issues and jaw joint pain, and the preservation of a patient's facial appearance and tissue.

1. Fixture

The implant itself (also referred to as the fixture) is typically made with titanium and surgically placed beneath the gums.

The permanent implant, which looks like a screw and is shaped like one, will be inserted into the jawbone after the surgeon drills a small hole to replace the missing tooth's roots. The fixture bonds to the jawbone as the tissue heals, a process known as osseointegration, which allows the implant to remain permanently in your mouth.

Titanium is commonly used because it is well tolerated by the human body. The use of appropriate materials increases the likelihood of osseointegration and other aspects of the process going smoothly, as well as lowering the risk of corrosion and other complications.

2. Abutment

Because the implant is completely below the gum line, an extender is attached to the false tooth. This short screw, known as the abutment, supports the tooth replacement by extending at or directly over the gum line.

The abutment is usually attached after osseointegration has occurred and can be made of tooth-coloured material or metal. A dentist may, however, place a fixture, abutment, and temporary restoration all at the same time.

3. Tooth Replacement

Return to your dentist's office three to six months after surgery to have your tooth replacement - a crown, bridge, or denture - attached. The replacement (or prosthesis) will resemble your natural teeth in appearance and function and can be made of porcelain, ceramic, or other materials.

Your tooth replacement and the dental implant as a whole will function similarly to natural teeth and roots, allowing you to chew and speak normally without having to remove or replace false teeth.

Replace Missing Teeth to Preserve Your Oral Health

Whichever tooth replacement option you and your dentist choose, it's critical to have missing teeth replaced as soon as possible to avoid jaw and gum tissue deterioration. If your teeth deteriorate, it can lead to more problems for your oral and overall health, as the teeth surrounding the gap may shift out of position, causing bite issues and uneven teeth.

We're here at Today's Dental to help you diagnose any oral health problems you may be having and develop the best treatment plan for you. Schedule a dental examination and cleaning today if you are missing teeth or have other concerns about your oral health. 

Do you need to replace missing teeth? Contact our Edmonton dentists to book an assessment appointment.

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